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Hotel Dolomiti

  • Fassa Valley
  • Moena
  • Dolomites
  • Natural Parks
  • Ladin Culture

The Ladin “Val de Fascia”: a jewel between Earth and Sky!

The Fassa Valley, one of the four Ladin Valleys of the Dolomites, alongside BadiaGardena and Livinallongo, is set like a gem between the principal Dolomite massifs, which have recently been declared a UNESCO “World Heritage site”.

The Fassa Valley opens with the village of Moena and ends at Passo Fedaia, on the slopes of the Marmolada, from which the River Avisio rises, and it comprises seven municipalities: Moena, Soraga, Vigo di Fassa, Pozza di Fassa, Mazzin, Campitello and Canazei.

Connections with the other valleys are possible to the west via Passo Costalunga or Carezza (Karerpass) to reach Val d’Ega and then Bolzano, to the north across Passo Sella to descend into Val Gardena, to the east through Passo Pordoi which brings to Val di Livinallongo, across Passo Fedaia and Passo San Pellegrino to descend into the Belluno area of the Veneto Region. The names of the Dolomites which are the pointed crown of the Fassa Valley represent the most famous historiography of modern mountain climbing: Marmolada, Pordoi, Sella, Sassolungo-Sassopiatto, Catinaccio-Rosengarten, Latemar and Vallaccia.

The Fairy of the Dolomites!!!

The etymology of the name Moena derives from Moia-Moiena (wet place), the swamp lake that covered the basin which is now occupied by the village.

The rich and fascinating history of Moena is shared by all the historic Tyrolean villages of the Alps. Initially visited by hunters and shepherds who climbed the lateral valleys of the Rivers Adige and Isarco for their work, it was later inhabited and colonised by the Rhaeti, a population common to the other Dolomites valleys of GardenaBadia and Livinallongo, to the Canton of Grisons in the Romansh-speaking area of Switzerland and to some areas ofFriuli.

Ladin, the language spoken by the people of Fassa and Moena, is a Rhaetic linguistic inheritance which was submitted, over time, to different influences of the Latin and Germanic languages

Moena, in the Fassa Valley, until the late Middle Ages belonged to the Bishopric of Bressanone and later, following an agreement with the Prince-Bishop of Trento, passed under his protection.

Moena has another feature: though belonging linguistically, politically and economically to the Fassa Valley, it is also part of the Magnificent Community of Fiemme, a self-governing institution which originated with the Gebardini Pacts of 1111 and which, to this day, administers a large part of the farming, forestry and sheep-rearing wealth of the Fiemme Valley.

As already mentioned, Moena followed the historical vicissitudes of the County of Tyrol and fought with all the other villages of Fassa and Fiemme in the insurrectional anti-Napoleonic battles, on the side of the Tyrolean patriot and hero Andreas Hofer.

Following Napoleon’s defeat, the Congress of Vienna returned Tyrol to the Hapsburgs until the end of the Great War, when all of Tyrol, situated to the south of the Brennero, was annexed to the Kingdom of Italy.

The “Monti Pallidi” (PaleMountains) – Scenes of a Legend

The Dolomites, or Monti Pallidi for the light colour of their rock, have been recently named Natural World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

The Dolomites owe their name to the scholar Déodat de Dolomieu (1750 – 1801), a French geologist who was the first to study their double calcium and magnesium carbonate composition. 

This special composition has allowed the meteorological events to model and sculpt them into what we know today; their profile traces, in a mad alternation, a Wagnerian symphony or a Mozart sonata, Gothic and at times classical aspects of needles, valleys, peaks and uplands, in a group like no other in the world. 

The valleys below support them like a mother’s womb pushing as far as their slopes pastures, small lakes and woods of conifers crossed by torrents and streams

It is not difficult to imagine how many of the most famous legends and classical fairy tales were born, inspired by this spectacular morphology and by the colour that the rocks assume when caressed by the first or last rays of the sun: the Enrosadira. Some examples are the legend of King Laurino, the many fairy tales of Fairies and Elves, Princes and Princesses, Wizards and scores of other mysterious inhabitants of the woods and the mountains.   

The Dolomites have been the subject of many historical chapters of classical and modern mountain climbing, and the greatest climbers of all time could not help but test their courage and expertise on the most frightening rock faces and precipices. Preuss, StegerPiazComiciSoldàMicheluzziBonattiMessner, are only some of them. 

Respect and Preservation!!!

Both residents and guests are obliged to maintain and respect the natural beauties of the Fassa Valley.


As a result, many natural oasis have opened and developed over time, helping the visitor to become acquainted with this splendid land, but also with its weaknesses, learning to respect it so it can be experienced and not destroyed.  
 

These areas include the Natural Park of Paneveggio - Pale di San Martino, with the pristine reserve of Lusia-Bocche, the oasis of Sciliar-Catinaccio and the Natural Park of Monte Corno - Bletterbach. Paneveggio Park is within easy reach of Predazzo (FiemmeValley) proceeding towards Passo Rolle in the direction of San Martino di Castrozza.

Paneveggio Park is home to a variegated fauna in a completely free state. Guided visits to the park and the Museum can be taken.

The Ladin people, a very ancient population!

The Ladin people of the Fassa Valley, and consequently of Moena, are directly descendent from the ancient population which inhabited a large part of the Alps: the Rhaeti

The penetration of Hadrian’s troops across the valleys which brought to the North of the Alps divided this territory into three different sections: to the west the area of Grisons, the present Switzerland, at the centre the Dolomites zone (Fassa, Badia, Gardena and Livinallongo) and to the east the Friuli area.

Following numerous historical vicissitudes the Rhaetic linguistic inheritance has been subjected to different influences, above all Latin and Germanic, to become what it is today.

As tourism-related wealth developed, the opportunity for people to move increased and with it the possibility to come into contact with other realities, but many of the traditions of this culture and part of the ancient language were forgotten or at least adulterated.

In recent years, the value of this ancient Ladin culture has been rediscovered and many scholars are committing themselves to prevent several characteristics being lost forever.

The visitor will have the opportunity to enter this ancient world directly by visiting the library and the museum “La Majson de Fascegn” in Vigo di Fassa.

 

PARK HOTEL LEONARDO
38035 Moena - Val di Fassa
Strada de Ciroch, 5
tel. +39 0462 573355
fax +39 0462 574611
info@parkhotelleonardo.it
Garber srl P.IVA 02396000222 | ©